Visible culture


Traditions and rituals in South Korea
In South Korea they celebrate two big events every year. The first takes place in February. It’s the first day of the new year of the Chinese calendar.  On this day they eat Dduk Guk, a traditional food which is a special rice cake soup. The second big event of the year is Chusok, which was also mentioned at the General Information. On this day Koreans eat rice cakes called Song Pyun. These cakes are made with fine, ground new rice as the basic dough. Than this dough is filled with toasted sesame seeds, chestnuts, or peas sweetened with honey or sugar.

Important and famous people
Famous and important people of South Korea varies from presidents and diplomats to religious figures, like president Kim Young-Sam, president Kim Dae-jung, president Roh Moo-hyun, diplomat Ban Ki-moon and religious figure Sun Myung Moon.

Music, art and literature
The traditional Korean music includes both the folk, vocal, religious and ritual music styles of the Korean people. Along with arts, painting and sculpture has the korean music been practiced since prehistoric times. Nowadays the music in South Korea can be divided into three different main categories: Traditional Korean folk music, popular music, or K-pop, and Western-influenced non-popular music.
Painting has always been a major genre of Korean art since ancient times. The art of ancient Korea is represented by the tomb murals of Goguryeo which contain valuable clues to the beliefs of the early Korean people about humanity and the universe as well as to their artistic sensibilities and techniques.
For much of Korea’s 1,500 years of literary history, it was written in Hanja. It is commonly divided into classical and modern periods, although this distinction is sometimes unclear. Korea is home to the world’s first metal and copper type, world’s earliest known printed document and the world’s first featural script.


Traditional cuisine and eating habits
The Korean cuisine is exotic, its flavours and tastes come from various combinations of sesame oil, soybean paste, soy sauce, salt, garlic, ginger and most importantly, chili pepper! This gives its distinctive spicy taste. Most Korean meals are based on rice, vegetables, fish and tofu. Typical Korean meals are named for the number of side dishes. These accompany the ubiquitous rice, soup and  fermented vegetable (called Kimchi). The Korean table setting is that all dishes are served at the same time and table arrangements can vary depending on the main dish that is served. One of the destinctive attributes in Korean culinary culture is that there are numerous side dishes shared by everyone. All meals are eaten with a set of chopsticks and a spoon. The presentation of a Korean meal is almost as important as the taste.

Traditional sports
Modern Korean sports are baseball and football. In 2002 the world cup took place in Korea! Nowadays more and more people enjoy watching and playing baseball. Ancient Koreans are recorded to have engaged in numerous traditional sports and games. Among the traditional sports that have been revived in modern times, the martial art of taekwondo is widely practiced around the world and is the only Olympic event originated in Korea.