Visible culture


Traditions and rituals in the United Kingdom
There are three major traditions of the United Kingdom worth mentioning, the Cheese Rolling at Cooper’s Hill, the Bog Snorkelling and the Pancake races. The Cooper’s Hill Cheese-Rolling and Wake is an annual event held on the Spring Bank Holiday at Cooper’s Hill near Gloucester in the Cotswolds region of England. The event takes its name from the hill on which it occurs. Due to the steepness and uneven surface of the hill there are usually a number of injuries, ranging from sprained ankles to broken bones and concussion. Cooper’s Hill Cheese Rolling has been summarized as “twenty young men chase a cheese off a cliff and tumble 200 yards to the bottom, where they are scraped up by paramedics and packed off to hospital”. Bog snorkelling basically means participants dive into a bog, wearing goggles, a pair of flippers and a snorkel, they then proceed to race each other along a 120ft trench filled with mud. Held every year the participants come from all over the world and raise lots of money for charity. Pancake races are held all over England on or near Shrove Tuesday (the last day before the period which Christians call Lent). The object of the race is to get to the finishing line first whilst flipping a pancake in a frying pan a pre-decided number of times. The most famous pancake race takes place at Olney. The Olney pancake race is world famous. Competitors have to be local housewives and they must wear an apron and a hat or scarf.

Important and famous people
The famous and important people of the United Kingdom vary from royalty and actors to singer/songwriters and poets, like Lord Snowden, Tom Jones, Prince George, Queen Mary of Teck, Keira Knightley, Lord Byron, Paul McCartney, Virginia Woolf, Robbie Williams and William Shakespeare.

Music, art and literature
Through its history, the United Kingdom has been a major exporter and source of musical innovation in the modern and contemporary eras, drawing its cultural basis from the history of the United Kingdom, from church music, from Western culture and from the ancient and traditional folk music and instrumentation of England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales. The Creative Arts faculty at Leeds City College provides full-time arts education to around 1000 students every year. They offer specialist courses from Entry Level 3 through to B.A.Honours, encompassing art, performance, photography, backstage arts and all aspects of creative media.
As you might know the most famous and influential writer is from the United Kingdom. Of course we have to start with William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world’s pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England’s national poet. J.K. Rowling, with her Harry Potter sequence, she might be one of the most famous writers of this time. And of course there are the popular costume drama’s as Jane Eyre, Pride and Prejudice, Sense and Sensibility which are also re-filmed.


Traditional cuisine and eating habits
Traditional foods of the United Kingdom are the English breakfast, which consists of eggs, bacon, sausages, fried bread, mushrooms and baked beans. For the most foreigners is this breakfast too much for in the morning, the Fish and Chips, which is a British takeaway which consists of dipped and fried fish in combination with fried, thick potatoes strings and the High Tea, which is an English meal that gained popularity in the 1600s, especially among labourers. It was often substantial, contrasted with other types of tea where a few cakes might be served.

Traditional sports
There are three major traditional sports in the United Kingdom. First Croquet, the UK’s answer to American football, except that all bodily contact is strictly forbidden. An extremely genteel sport which is mandatory at English garden parties. Second is Horse Racing which is known as ‘the sport of kings’. From August to April horses must jump fences and flat racing from March to October. Third is Polo, which is minority sport for princes and millionaires. Similar to croquet on horseback, it involves players attempting to hit a ball into a goal while riding at speeds of up to 40mph. It’s played indoors and outdoors.