Portugal is a semi-presidential republic and has about ten million inhabitants. The official language is Portuguese.
Based on Hofstede’s cultural dimensions, Portugal is defined as a collectivistic, monochronic society with a high power distance. Portugal is more we-orientated, so the group is more important than the individual. Portuguese people also like certainty and will tend to do one task at a time.
Portugal has developed a specific culture while being influenced by various civilizations that have crossed the Mediterranean and the European continent, or were introduced when it played an active role during the Age of Discovery. The name of Portugal itself reveals much of the country’s early history, stemming from the Roman name Portus cale, a Latin name meaning “Port of Cale” (some argue that Cale is a word of Celtic origin, which also means port or harbour), later transformed into Portucale, and finally into Portucale, which emerged as a county of the Kingdom of Leon (see County of Portugal) and became an independant kingdom in 1139.