General information

portugal

Population and major cities
Portugal has an estimated 10,487,289 inhabitants. Lisbon is the capital and also the largest city of Portugal. Lisbon lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the River Tagus, and has a population of 552,700 in a area of 100.05 km². It was built during the 18th century.  Lisbon has always been the centre for culture, tourism and business in Portugal. Porto is another major city of Portugal. The city has been recognized as the one of the cultural capitals of Europe. Porto, the second largest city of Portugal is also the capital of Douro region. Another major city is Amadora. You can find the city of Amadora in the North-Western side of Lisbon. Braga is also one of the major tourist destinations of Portugal. The city features fascinating sites and some of the best museums of the country.

The official language
The official language of Portugal is Portuguese. Mirandese is also recognized as a official language in some parts of Portugal.

Religion and culture
The major religion in Portugal is Roman Catholic. Roman Catholic is the religion of 81% of the population. There are other smaller religious communities in Portugal, like Christians, Mormons and Muslims. Portuguese are traditional and conservative with high family values. Portugal is a culture that respects hierarchy. Both the Catholic Church and the family structure emphasize hierarchical relationships. People respect authority and look to those above them for guidance and decision-making.

Government
Politics in Portugal take place in a framework of a Parliamentary representative democratic republic, where the Prime Minister of Portugal is the head of the government. Portugal has a multi-party system. The President of Portugal is the head of state and has a ceremonial role. Executive power is exercised by the Council of Ministers. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Assembly of the Republic. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Since 1975, the party system has been dominated by the social democratic Socialist Party and the liberal conservative Social Democratic Party.

Economy
The Economy of Portugal is of a mixed nature and functions in support of a high economy-country. Here are some statistics about the economy in Portugal.
GDP: 219.96 billion dollars(2016)
Unemployment rate: 13.1% (2016)
Labour force: 58.3% (2016)
Inflation rate: 0,6% (2016)
Currency and Exchange rate: Euro. 1 Euro = 1,12 USD (2016)

National holidays
New Year’s day: 1st January
Easter day: 16th April
Easter Monday: 17th April
Liberaty day: 25th April
Labor Day: 1st May
Corpus Christi: 26th May
Portugal day: 10th June
Assumption of Mary: 15th August
Republic Implantation: 5th October
All Saints’ Day: 1st November
Restoration of independence: 1st December
Feast of the immaculate conception: 8th December
Christmas: 25th December