General information

china

Population and major cities
China had the largest population in the whole world. The number of inhabitants in China is 1.3 billion people. China has a growth rate of 0.46%. The capital of China is Beijing. Beijing has over 15.6 million citizens. The second largest city in China is Shanghai, which has over 14.35 million citizens. The whole of China’s population accounts for about one fifth of the world’s population.

The official language
The official language of China is Mandarin. Mandarin is shaped and based on the Beijing dialect and other dialects spoken in the northern areas of China. Chinese once had influence on some countries with their language and characters, such as Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese.

Religion and culture
China has been a multi-religion country since ancient times. There are five major religions in China. The first is Buddhism and it has 185 million followers in China. The second is Christianity and it has 33 million followers in China. The third is Taoism with 12 million followers. The fourth and fifth major religions in China are the Islam and Confucianism.

Government
Since 1949 the Chinese government has been a one-party communist system. It means that the government strives for a state in which all citizens  are equal in class and economic conditions. The current president of China is Xi Jinping. The current premier of China is Li Keqian.

Economy
The Chinese economy has grown astonishingly over the last decades and it has become the world’s second largest economy. Here are a few statistics about the economy in China.
GDP: 10866.44 billion dollars (2016)
Unemployment rate: 6,5% (2016)
Labour force: 798.5 million (2015)
Inflation rate: 2,6% (2014)
Currency and Exchange rate: Yuan Renminbi. 1 Yuan = 0,15 USD (2016)

National holidays
New Year’s Day: 1st January
Chinese New Year: 28th January – 2nd Febuary
Qingming: 4th April
May Day: 29th April
Dragon Boat: 30th May
Mid-Autumn Day: 4th October
National Day: 1st – 7th October

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